I can confirm the issue comparing my old astro-laptop vs new.
Win7 : Driver 22.214.171.124 (ASI120MC runs fine)
Win10 : Driver 3.16.00 ASI120MC fails
It must be a timing issue. I had wanted to document the issue with a screen recording software 'TechSmith'. Once the recording was running and intercepting the screen with ASI120MC video coming in it was fine! So I could not show the issue! Once I stopped recording the image froze and was hanging.
I recall that ASI120 with the Aptina chip previously had it's own driver (which I have on the Win7 laptop). Then there was a driver for 'all other ZWO cameras'. With the APS-C and full frame caemras that changed and an all-in-one driver came out. I have the ASI2600 and so I need the driver. But that driver seems to fail with ASI120. For now I can use the Win7 laptop with the ASI120 and the Win10 laptop for ASI2600.